The Bowers Group has four working instruments. They all include a high-pressure drift cell for ion mobility and equilibrium studies. A variety of ionization methods are used including matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) and electrospray ionization (ESI). Several different components for mass selection are employed including magnetic/electric sectors and quadrupoles, as well as a time-of-flight (TOF) mass analyzer. Follow the links below for details about each instrument. A collection of instrument photos can be seen here.